Last 23 March 2021, the Human Rights Council adopted resolution 46/2, in which it makes a series of recommendations to the Nicaraguan Government on the country’s multi-pronged human rights crisis. These range from the situation of human rights defenders, arbitrary detentions, and the shrinking of civil society space, to sexual and gender-based violence, the rights of indigenous peoples, social and economic rights, free and fair elections, as well as cooperation with international human rights mechanisms.
The Colectivo 46/2 - a coalition of international, regional and Nicaraguan NGOs of which ISHR and the Institute on Race and Equality are part - has launched a series of Evaluation Benchmarks to assess the degree of implementation of resolution 46/2.
The first Benchmark was published in August 2021, and the second one in November 2021. The third, and last, Benchmark will be published in January 2022. The Benchmarks are available in English and Spanish.
Assessing government action - or inaction - against a series of clear objectives, and drawing on public information from the United Nations and Inter-American human rights systems, as well as independent civil society and media reports, the organisations have established that:
- The government of Nicaragua has taken no substantial, nor initial steps to implement any of the recommendations from resolution 46/2;
- The government has taken a significant number of actions contrary to the recommendations, resulting in a closed civil society space and an increase in attacks on human rights defenders, journalists, presidential candidates, and dissidents, over the last months.