On Thursday 10 November, India’s human rights record came under scrutiny at the UN in the context of its Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
The statement delivered by ISHR highlighted the progress made by African States to strengthen their legislative framework to better protect human rights defenders and the importance to include civil society at every step of the process, including within the protection mechanism once established. It also refers to the dangerous amendments of the Private Voluntary Organizations Bill in Zimbabwe which could lead to the repression and criminalisation of civil society in the country.
“The effective protection of defenders cannot be achieved without the relevant actors. We encourage States to continue to ensure the inclusion of civil society at all stages of the process leading to the adoption of the law in order to achieve an effective and comprehensive tool to protect their work” said Stéphanie Wamba, ISHR Africa Programme Advocate.
As the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27) is due to take place in November in Egypt, the statement emphasised that the new human rights strategy adopted by Egypt in 2021 doesn’t address the systematic human rights violations or the regime of impunity that prevails in the country.
“The repression of human rights defenders remains unchanged and includes dozens of arbitrary detentions, restrictions on freedom of movement, torture, ill-treatment, enforced disappearances and the criminalisation of the exercise of the rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly or public participation” added Stéphanie Wamba.
Finally, ISHR shares its concern about the situation of defenders in South Africa as the latest murder of a member of the Abahlali baseMjondolo (AbM) movement brings to four the number of members of the movement assassinated this year alone.
“We call on the government of South Africa to undertake a prompt and impartial investigation and to ensure justice for Mnguni and all AbM activists who have been targeted. We also call on the government to refrain from human rights violations and abuses and to ensure respect for the human rights of all, including human rights defenders,” concluded Stephanie Wamba.
The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (‘the African Commission’) examined the periodic report of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire covering the period 2016-2019, during its public session held from 20 to 30 October 2022 in Banjul, The Gambia. The report presents the progress made by Côte d'Ivoire regarding the state of human rights since its last review by the Commission.
During HRC51 General Debate Item 8, ISHR, Abahlali baseMjondolo, delivered a joint statement supported by 47 organisations, denouncing the killings of human rights defenders in South Africa, particularly those working to defend land, housing and environmental rights, as well as anti-corruption activists.