The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights concluded its 77th Ordinary Session held in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania from 20 October to 9 November 2023. During the session, the Commission renewed its Bureau. It received solemn declarations from elected and re-elected members and launched several documents and newsletters, among others.
In the 20 years since the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders was adopted, women human rights defenders have been resilient and resolute in combatting authoritarianism, while defending their land and territories, to ensure access to health services, to live free and equal in dignity and rights.
Yet, women human rights defenders face a climate of increasing repression, violence and impunity at the hands of State and non-State actors, despite broad commitments by governments to the UN to uphold human rights standards.
In July 2018, women human rights defenders from 17 countries – from Brazil to Cambodia to Togo to USA – gathered at the UN Headquarters in New York. They demanded:
“We don’t want another anniversary… marked by violence, criminalization and the murder of women human rights defenders. We don’t want more speeches that are soft on the governments and private interests that are devastating our land, territories, and bodies. We demand respect, holistic security and safety, and our right to defend human rights without fear. Our legitimate voices should no longer be silenced and ignored.” (Read: We’ve Had Enough: Call to Action for Protection of WHRDs and their Communities)
Yet today, on International Women Human Rights Defenders Day, at least a dozen Saudi women human rights defenders continue to be detained, without a charge, since May 2018 for demanding an end to the male guardianship system that renders women legal minors. The activists have been banned from accessing lawyers, and many have been unable to speak to worried family and friends. Recent reports indicates the use of torture and sexual violence against some of the detained activists.
“The case of the Saudi women human rights defenders is emblematic of the ongoing and sinister global trend of silencing, often violently, individuals and groups who challenge patriarchal norms and structures. And sadly, the impunity the Saudi government faces is equally – shamefully – emblematic” said Salma El Hosseiny, ISHR’s Human Rights Council advocate.
“The systematic violence and exclusion faced by women human rights defenders is carried out by governments as well as corporate interests, fundamentalist groups and other private actors who increasingly wield power over public institutions. How can they be so terrified that women can be the agents of not only their own change, but of societal transformation towards justice and equality?” said Pooja Patel, Programme Director at ISHR.
To support women human rights defenders:
States must ensure a safe and enabling environment in which women human rights defenders can do their legitimate work. This includes by investigating all allegations of attacks agaisnt women human rights defenders by State and non-State actors.
The United Nations must reaffirm its committment to the recognition and protection of women human rights defenders, including by ensuring that they have access to and are able to engage in multilateral processes and decisions. This engagement with the UN should be free from any reprisals.
Human rights movements and the international human rights community should be strengthened by addressing the discrimination against women human rights defenders within our own struggles, and to recognise the collective power of women human rights defenders and feminist perspectives.
ISHR and Outright International celebrate the adoption by United Nations Third Committee Member States today of a resolution on elections and democratic processes that, for the second time, specifically includes sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited grounds of discrimination in people’s right to participate in public affairs.
Nine NGOs delivered a joint statement on the UN Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) on Sudan established by the Human Rights Council at its 54th session, calling the FFM to prioritise gender justice and inclusion of women, including women defenders.