On 15 June 2022, the National Assembly of Niger passed a law on the rights and duties of human rights defenders. This makes Niger the fourth African country to adopt such a law. However, for the law to produce the desired effects, it must be widely known and understood by all stakeholders. The establishment of an independent and inclusive protection mechanism will ensure the full implementation of the law.
UPDATE: On March 24, 2022, Bernardo Caal was released from prison for his good behaviour. However, he remains convicted of a crime he did not commit.
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ISHR recently endorsed an amicus curiae produced by human rights defenders in Guatemala to be submitted at the upcoming appeal in the case of Bernardo Caal. Caal is a member of the Mayan Q’eqchi community and an indigenous human rights defender in Guatemala. Caal was one of the leaders of a peaceful opposition against the construction of two hydroelectric projects that endangered the Cahabón River, which is sacred to the Mayan Q’eqchi.
The peaceful opposition denounced irregularities in the project, including the lack of prior and informed consultation with indigenous peoples who inhabit the area. In retaliation, Caal was first subjected to smear campaigns and stigmatization in the press, television, through flyers, and on social media. In 2015, there was a criminal investigation accusing Caal of leading a group of approximately 100 people to attack and rob workers of the construction company. In November 2018, Caal was sentenced to seven years and four months in prison, despite what Amnesty International describes as a complete lack of evidence to support the accusations against him.
Partners in Guatemala submitted an amicus curiae to Guatemala’s Supreme Court of Justice to be considered in Caal’s appeal, which took place on June 21. The court’s decision is expected to be released within two weeks. The amicus, which ISHR endorsed, calls out irregularities in the criminal proceedings against Caal, including the violation of his right to effective judicial investigation and due diligence, disregard of the presumption of innocence, failure to begin the trial within a reasonable time, and violation of the principle of equality and non-discrimination.
Human rights defenders face severe persecution by the Guatemalan State. This is especially true for indigenous defenders. ISHR expresses support for Bernardo Caal and for all other land and territory defenders facing persecution in Guatemala.
The adoption of the draft law approving the status of Non-Governmental Organisation in Angola by the National Assembly considerably limits in its provisions the enjoyment of fundamental freedoms and shrinks civic and democratic space. We are calling the Special Rapporteurs on the situation of human rights defenders to help address this situation.