Russia: Human Rights Council should address dire human rights situation in country
UPDATE [4 March]! In a landmark decision, the UN Human Rights Council has voted overwhelmingly to establish a Commission of Inquiry to investigate and promote accountability for human rights violations and abuses associated with Russia's aggression against Ukraine.
The mandate of the Commission extends to considering the facts, circumstances and root causes of violations, which may enable it to also consider the repressive human rights situation in Russia itself.
Russia and Eritrea were the only States of the Human Rights Council’s 47 Member States to oppose the resolution, which enjoyed overwhelming support from States from all world regions.
[2 March 2022] ISHR condemns and deplores Russia’s illegal war of aggression in Ukraine and associated massive human rights violations.
We stand in solidarity with the people of Ukraine and with brave human rights defenders in Russia calling for an end to war and looking to the Human Rights Council and other UN bodies to contribute to peace, security and justice.
We strongly support the Council mandating a Commission of Inquiry to promote accountability for human rights and humanitarian law violations and abuses associated with Russia’s aggression. It is absurd and offensive to speak of constructive dialogue while Russian bombs and missiles indiscriminately kill Ukrainian children, women and men and destroy their homes, hospitals and schools.
In addition, we urge the Council to mandate a Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Russia. Putin’s ability to wage a war of aggression is aided and abetted by Russia’s brutal repression of civil society, lack of free press, severe restrictions on freedom of expression, association and assembly, and massive progagation of disinformation. Together with a coalition of international and Russian NGOs, we have published an open letter to State delegations at the UN outlining this imperative. [Full text below.]
The Council should also recommend that the General Assembly suspend Russia’s Council membership as envisaged by OP8 of General Assembly resolution 60/251, being responsible for widespread and systematic human rights violations. It is difficult to conceive of a more clear cut case for suspension than a member that flagrantly violates the UN Charter, aggressively invades a sovereign state, and perpetrates massive human rights violations, some of which amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Russia’s membership is a stain on the Council’s institutional integrity.
Finally, ISHR welcomes the unprecedented coordination, support, sanctions and humanitarian assistance provided by EU and other States in response to the crisis in Ukraine. We stress that all those fleeing war and crossing international borders should be provided with protection, including protection from discrimination on any grounds including race, or national or ethnic origin. We hope this becomes the principled benchmark, rather than the selective exception, as to how the global community responds to all such grave human rights situations and brutal authoritarians.
Open letter to Permanent Representatives of Member and Observer States of the UN Human Rights Council
2 March 2022
As the 49th session of the UN Human Rights Council gets underway, and Russia continues its invasion of Ukraine, we, the undersigned civil society organisations, would like to draw your attention to the dire human rights situation within the Russian Federation, and urge all states to bring this neglected country situation onto the agenda of the Human Rights Council.
A year after last year’s joint statement on the situation in Russia, authorities there have further intensified the already unprecedented crackdown on human rights. A fully-fledged witch hunt against independent groups, human rights defenders, media outlets and journalists, and political opposition, is decimating civil society and forcing many into exile.
The gravity of this human rights crisis has been demonstrated in the last few days by the forcible dispersal of anti-war rallies and pickets across Russia with over 6,800 arrested (as of 2 March 2022), attempts to impose censorship on the reporting of the conflict in Ukraine and to silence those media and individuals who speak out against Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, including through blocking media websites, threats of criminal prosecution under “fake news” and “high treason” charges and other means.
In a shocking development, the authorities moved to shut down “Memorial,” one of the country’s most authoritative human rights organizations. At the end of December, courts ruled to “liquidate” the group’s key legal entities, International Memorial Society and Human Rights Center Memorial, over alleged persistent noncompliance with the repressive legislation on “foreign agents.” On 28 February, the Supreme Court upheld this decision, despite an article 39 ruling from the European Court of Human Rights ordering the Russian authorities to halt liquidation proceedings.
The December rulings came at the end of a particularly terrible year for human rights in the country, during which authorities threw top opposition figure Alexei Navalny in prison, banned three organizations affiliated with him as “extremist,” launched criminal proceedings against several of his close associates, doubled down on Internet censorship, and designated more than 100 journalists and activists as “media-foreign agents”.
Recent months also saw a dramatic escalation of repression in Chechnya, where Russian law and international human rights obligations have been emptied of meaning. With the Kremlin’s tolerance or acquiescence, the local governor, Ramzan Kadyrov has been eviscerating all forms of dissent in Chechnya, often using collective punishment. In December 2021, Kadyrov opened a brutal offensive against his critics in the Chechen diaspora, by having the police arbitrarily detain dozens of their Chechnya-based relatives. It continued in January with the abduction and arbitrary detention on fabricated charges of Zarema Musaeva, mother of human rights lawyer Abubakar Yangulbaev, and death threats issued against the Yangulbaev family and some prominent human rights defenders and journalists.
This is a country situation urgently requiring the Council’s attention. We urge the Human Rights Council to adopt a resolution expressing serious concern about the human rights violations and abuses occurring in Russia, requesting the High Commissioner to monitor and report on the situation, and appointing a dedicated Special Rapporteur to address the human rights situation in Russia.
On 12 May, the Republic of Zambia presented its State report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (‘the African Commission’). Commissioners raised various questions related to the rights of human rights defenders, including the right to freedom of expression, access to information and freedom of assembly and association.
In the Seychelles, defenders face restrictions and violations of their rights. However, too often they are not aware of the protection afforded to them especially through regional and international mechanisms. A recent civil society workshop provided a first step to change this.
Mauritius is one of the island States of Africa. The local civil society can find it challenging to connect to civil society on the continent, and to raise the restrictions they face to international and regional human rights mechanisms.
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