Last week the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association presented his report to the Third Committee of the General Assembly urging states and private sector to respect the exercise of human rights of those mobilising peacefully to address the climate crisis.
At the 48th session of the Council, ISHR together with ALQST for Human Rights and the Gulf Center for Human Rights delivered a joint statement under General Debate Item 4 highlighting the continued repression of human rights defenders and the Saudi government’s failure to respond to calls by UN Special Procedures and over 40 States at the Council in March 2019, September 2019 and September 2020. This demonstrates its lack of political will to genuinely improve the human rights situation and to engage constructively with the Council.
Noting that many of the women human rights defenders mentioned in previous joint statements at the Council have been released from detention, they remain subject to severe restrictions, including travel bans, work bans, or the making of public statements. Most of these defenders have closed their social media presence.
COVID-19 restrictions and the G20 Summit in November 2020 coincided with a slow down in prosecutions of those expressing peaceful opinions and a decline in the use of the death penalty. However, throughout 2021 the pace of violations has resumed. This has included fresh waves of arrests of bloggers and ordinary citizens, often followed by periods of enforced disappearance, lengthy prison terms against human rights defenders and prisoners of conscience, and abuse in prison, including deliberate medical neglect. Amnesty International has similarly reported on the increased persecution of human rights defenders following the G20 Summit.
In addition, despite announcing the halt of the death penalty against minors, the Saudi government recently executed someone who may have been 17 at the time of the alleged offense. The number of executions in 2021 is already more than double the total figure for 2020.
During the debate under item 4, several States raised their concerns over the human rights situation in Saudi Arabia. Denmark raised concerns over the persecution of civil society activists, torture and the use of the death penalty. Norway urged Saudi Arabia to protect human rights defenders, while Sweden urged Saudi Arabia to to ensure freedom of expression and assembly for all, including human rights defenders.
ISHR also joined a statement delivered by the Right Livelihood Award Foundation, together with ALQST for Human Rights and the MENA Rights Group in the debate with the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. The organisations expressed their deep concern at the systematic practice of arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and peaceful dissidents in Saudi Arabia, who are subjected to persecution and prosecution only for exercising their fundamental rights and advocating for the dignity, equality and freedom of others.
Today, UN member States elected members to the UN's top human rights body, the Human Rights Council, for the 2022-2024 term. 18 candidates ran for 18 seats, and all were elected, leaving civil society disappointed in a process that can hardly be called an election.
Mozambique has accepted 236 of the 266 recommendations received. While this highlights a slight progress since their last Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the human rights situation in the country still needs large structural improvements.
During the adoption of the outcome of its Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the 48th session of the Human Rights Council, Niger manifested its willingness to cooperate with human rights mechanisms by accepting almost all the recommendations. However, more efforts for an efficient implementation remain necessary.
Despite Sierra Leone's acceptance of recommendations aiming to improve civil society’s space, cases of reprisals against human rights defenders are still reported.
The DRC has noticeably improved the protection of human rights in the Kasaï region but progress remains slow and action is still needed towards transitional justice and the protection of defenders in this region.
Defender Zhang Haitao's wife addressed the UN Human Rights Council on 20 September, after more than 1240 days without information about her husband's status. He is serving 19 years on 'national security'-related charges, punishing him for exercising freedom of speech.
Human rights organisations* urge the immediate and unconditional release of Egyptian human rights defender Mohamed El-Baqer, who completes today two years in arbitrary detention.
Ten organisations renew their call for the immediate and unconditional release of Egyptian human rights defender Abdulrahman Tarek as he receives Index on Censorship’s Freedom of Expression Award
Despite the Burundian government’s efforts, the human rights situation in the country remains a matter of concern. During the presentation of its report, the Commission of Inquiry underscored the necessity to take more significative actions to pave the way towards sociopolitical stabilization and democracy.
This week in an online event, 10 candidate States publicly spoke to an audience of around 200 people on their pledges as incoming Human Rights Council members for 2022 – 2024. They also faced questions on pressing human rights issues from both States and civil society organisations.
ISHR welcomes the Council’s historic consensus decision, led by the Africa Group, to adopt a resolution mandating an independent international expert mechanism to address systemic racism and to promote racial justice and equality for Africans and people of African descent. The adoption of this resolution is testament to the resilience, bravery and commitment of victims, their families, their representatives and anti-racism defenders globally.